Krishna Kumar shows why education fails to create a reflective ethos and a sense of common cause. He examines the structure and content of education to locate conflicting positions in key areas of knowledge. Recent reforms in curriculum design mark a positive beginning, but they remain isolated and fragile. The tendency to overwhelm students with unnecessary minutiae of detail persists in most States. Science is taught like religion and social sciences, such as history, deny students the opportunity to learn about differences and conflict. Classroom routines teach children to live in fear and to mind their own business.
Krishna Kumar places the problems of education in the broader perspective of political and economic change. His own pedagogy of peace is constructed around the idea that acknowledging conflict is the first step towards developing awareness and other intellectual skills needed to live together peacefully.