The Second Act
150 | 12
Author : Meenakshi Kapoor & Kanchi Kohli
Pages : 90
Edition : 2012
A study looking at the interactions between the Central and State Governments on the issue of notification of Ecologically Sensitive Areas around Protected Areas and in the Western Ghats
In India, Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESAs) have been declared as mechanisms for environment protection and land use planning using environmental criteria since the 1980s. These notifications have been issued under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (EPA) using its Section 3 (2) (v) and Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 (EPR) through its Section 5 (1). Many believe that these clauses of the EPA and EPR and the declaration of ESAs hold the possibility of realizing landscape-level conservation in the country. However, over the years the provisions of ESAs have been used only by a few people. Experiences with ESAs has also brought about a range of pressing concerns related to the process of declaration, buy-in of state and local governments and standoffs between various stakeholders impacting the actual implementation of these notifications.
During the period of 2007-2009, Kalpavriksh had undertaken a research study to understand and document thoroughly the process and experiences of the declaration of ESAs in the country. The 2009 study “Ecologically Sensitive Areas of India- The Story so far…” had traced the chronology of the notifications declaring ESAs and also reflected on the various mechanisms as well as methodologies through which each of these ESAs was declared, rejected or remain pending with the MoEF.
This new study is a follow up to the earlier research with an attempt to deal with these ESAs as they have evolved in policy and law post 2009. An effort has been made to understand and document the new developments and policy discourses that have emerged around ESAs in the period from 2009 to 2012.
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